Miscelleneous

What is UNCLOS or United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea ?

  • Internal waters,
  • The territorial sea,
  • The contiguous zone, and
  • The exclusive economic zone (EEZ).
Internal waters :

All waters landward of the baselines (e.g. low-water line) and all harbours (Any law in force in the country, including the common law, shall also apply in its internal waters and the airspace above its internal waters. The right of innocent passage does generally not exist in the internal waters.)

Territorial Sea :

 The sea within a distance of 12 nautical miles (~22 km) from the baselines (Any law in force in the country, including the common law, shall also apply in its territorial waters and the airspace above its territorial waters. The right of innocent passage shall exist in the territorial waters. In the territorial sea, submarines and other underwater vehicles are required to navigate on the surface and to show their flag.)

Contiguous zone :

The sea beyond the territorial waters but within a distance of twenty-four nautical miles (~44 km) from the baselines (Within its contiguous zone and the airspace above it, the country shall have the right to exercise all the powers which may be considered necessary to prevent contravention of any fiscal law or any customs, emigration, immigration or sanitary law and to make such contravention punishable.)

Maritime cultural zone :

 The sea beyond the territorial waters but within a distance of twenty-four nautical miles (~44 km) from the baselines (Subject to any other law the country shall have, in respect of objects of an archaeological or historical nature found in the maritime cultural zone, the same rights and powers as it has in respect of its territorial waters.)

Exclusive economic zones (EEZ):

 The sea beyond the territorial waters but within a distance of two hundred nautical miles (~367 km) from the baselines (Subject to any other law the country shall have, in respect of all natural resources in the exclusive economic zone, the same rights and powers as it has in respect of its territorial waters.

4

About the author

Amit Sharma

Graduated from M.E.R.I. Mumbai (Mumbai University), After a brief sailing founded this website with the idea to bring the maritime education online which must be free and available for all at all times and to find basic solutions that are of extreme importance to a seafarer by our innovative ideas.

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!