What is Ship sweat and Cargo sweat?

Sweat is formed when the water vapour in the air condenses out into water droplets when cooled below its dew point.

Sweat may be formed in two ways:

cargo sweat

This forms when the cargo is at a lower temperature than the external air and where the air is moist and is admitted to the cargo holds. If such warmer, moist air is allowed to come into contact with the cargo the air is cooled and water droplets from the air are deposited on the surface of the cargo. Cargo sweat will form when the temperature of the cargo is less than the dew point of the air which surrounds it.
Cargo loaded in a cold climate and then transported to warmer regions will rise in temperature slowly in response to increasing sea and air temperatures. For as long as the temperature of the cargo remains below the dew point of the external air the cargo hold ventilator flaps should be kept closed and no ventilation take place. The cargo hold should be made as air tight as possible.
If the cargo hold hatches are opened to load further cargo whilst the existing cargo temperature is below the dew point of the external air then such air will enter the hold leading to the formation of cargo sweat. It is thus important to plan Cargo Stowage with this in mind.
Additionally certain cargoes themselves contain moisture (timber, tobacco, jute etc.) And will result in an increase of moisture within the hold increasing the chances of cargo sweat to form on existing cold cargo. Again in order to prevent such an occurrence Cargo Stowage plans should try to prevent the carriage of moisture laden cargoes with others sensitive to cargo sweat

About the author

Amit Sharma

Graduated from M.E.R.I. Mumbai (Mumbai University), After a brief sailing founded this website with the idea to bring the maritime education online which must be free and available for all at all times and to find basic solutions that are of extreme importance to a seafarer by our innovative ideas.