What is SSA ( Ship security assessment )?

The ship security assessment is an essential and integral part of the process of developing and updating the ship security plan.

  • The company security officer shall ensure that the ship security assessment is carried out by persons with appropriate skills to evaluate the security of a ship, in accordance with this section, taking into account the guidance given in part B of ISPS
  •  A recognized security organization may carry out the ship security assessment of a specific ship

SSA should consider the continuing relevance of the existing security measures and guidance, procedures and operations, under both routine and emergency conditions, and should determine security guidance including:

  1. The restricted areas;
  2. The response procedures to fire or other emergency conditions;
  3. The level of supervision of the ship’s personnel, passengers, visitors, vendors, repair technicians, dock workers, etc.;
  4. the frequency and effectiveness of security patrols;
  5. The  access control systems, including identification systems;
  6. The security communications systems and procedures;
  7. The security doors, barriers and lighting; and
  8. The security and surveillance equipment and systems.
The SSA should consider the persons, activities, services and operations that it is important to protect. This includes:
  1. The ship’s personnel;
  2. Passengers, visitors, vendors, repair technicians, port facilityBpersonnel, etc.;
  3. The capacity to maintain safe navigation and emergencyresponse;
  4. The cargo, particularly dangerous goods or hazardous substances;
  5. The ship’s stores;
  6. The ship security communication equipment and systems, if any; and
  7. The ship’s security surveillance equipment and systems, if any.
The ship security assessment shall include an on-scene security survey and, at least, the following elements:
  1.  Identification of existing security measures, procedures and  operations;
  2.  Identification and evaluation of key shipboard operations that it is important to protect;
  3.  Identification of possible threats to the key shipboard operations and the likelihood of their occurrence, in order to establish and prioritize security measures; and
  4.  Identification of weaknesses, including human factors, in the Infrastructure, policies and procedures.
An SSA should address the following elements on board or within the ship:
  1. Physical security;
  2. Structural integrity;.
  3. Personnel protection systems;
  4. Procedural policies;
  5. Radio and telecommunication systems, including computer systems and networks; and
  6. Other areas that may, if damaged or used for illicit observation, pose a risk to persons, property, or operations on board the ship or within a port facility.
The SSA should take into account all possible vulnerabilities, which may include:
  1. Conflicts between safety and security measures;
  2. Conflicts between shipboard duties and security assignments;
  3. Watchkeeping duties, number of ship’s personnel, particularlywith implications on crew fatigue, alertness and performance;
  4. Any identified security training deficiencies; and
  5. Any security equipment and systems, including communication systems.

The ship security assessment shall be documented, reviewed, accepted and retained by the Company.


Related Searches:

  1. What is ISPS (International Ship and Port Facility Security ) code?
  2. What is responsibility of contracting government as per ISPS code?
  3. What are functional requirements of ISPS code?
  4. What would happen to ships if they do not comply with the ISPS Code requirements and if they do not have the Certificate?
  5. What is meaning of contracting government in ISPS code?
  6. Are all IMO Member States obliged to comply with the ISPS Code?
  7. What is the certificate issued to a port and ship under the ISPS code?
  8. Which types of ships are covered under ISPS code?
  9. What are the different security levels as per ISPS Code?
  10. What led to the development of the ISPS Code?
  11. What are duties and responsibilities of a SSO?
  12. What is meaning of security level 1?
  13. What is meaning of security level 2?
  14. What are the different security levels as per ISPS Code?

About the author

Amit Sharma

Graduated from M.E.R.I. Mumbai (Mumbai University), After a brief sailing founded this website with the idea to bring the maritime education online which must be free and available for all at all times and to find basic solutions that are of extreme importance to a seafarer by our innovative ideas.