How to know which unit piston is at TDC?

When checking tappet clearance on marine engines, we have to ascertain that the piston is at TDC. Though markings are provided on the flywheel, we must know the other methods for this like inspection of the camshaft and the fuel pump window.

Referring to the flywheel would indicate two units, but only one can be at injection TDC. So which one is it?

Flywheel Method

The flywheel is the simplest method to know which unit is at TDC. If the fly wheel shows two units, simply open the bonnet covers and check visually. The unit at TDC will have both the inlet and the exhaust valve closed and hence relaxed springs. The other unit would have both the arms of the rocker arm at different levels. In addition the push rods of the unit at TDC would be loose and can be turned by hand because of the release of the clearances.

Note: This method is only useful in a working generator which you have just stopped to check the tappet clearances. In case we have removed the rocker arms for any reason or after overhaul, this method is not useful.

About the author

Anand Gautam

Anand Gautam is a marine engineer, Graduated from M.E.R.I. Mumbai. He likes to sail onboard ship and is one who is passionate about his job. He loves to share his knowledge, information, and ideas to everyone in a simplified way just for his satisfaction.

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