What are precautions while loading and discharging hazardous goods?

  1. All documentation regarding the ‘dangerous goods’ should be in order and include the Container Packing Certificate, the Shipper’s Declaration and relevant Emergency Information.
  2. All cargo operations should be supervised by a responsible officer who will be in possession of operational and emergency information.
  3. No unauthorized person, or persons, intoxicated or under the influence of drugs should be allowed near to hazardous cargoes.
  4. The compartment or deck area should be dry and clear, suitable for the stowage of the cargo.
  5. Where cargo-handling equipment is to be used, such equipment should be inspected to be seen to be in good order before use.
  6. Dangerous goods should not be handled under adverse weather conditions.
  7. All packaging, labelling and segregation of the goods are carried out as per the IMDG Code.
  8. Tanks, where applicable, should not be overfilled.
  9. Suitable ‘Emergency Equipment’ should be kept readily available for any and every potential hazard associated with the goods.
  10. Fire wires should be rigged fore and aft of the vessel.
  11. Packages should be identified and stowed in an appropriate place to protect against accident.
  12. Safe access to packages must be available in order to protect or move away from immediate hazards.
  13. Emergency stations with suitable protective clothing should be identified in respect to the location of the cargo.
  14. Correct signals, i.e. ‘B’ Flag should be displayed during the periods of loading and discharging.
  15. Stowage positions should be such as to protect the goods from accidental damage due to heating. Combustible materials being stowed away from all sources of ignition.
  16. Cargoes requiring special ventilation should be positioned to benefit from the designated ventilation system.
  17. The Port Authority should be informed of all movements of hazardous goods.
  18. Suitable security should be given to special cargoes like explosives.
  19. All hazardous parcels should be tallied in and tallied out of the vessel.
  20. Some packages may require daylight movement. Some operations may also be effected by rain or strong sunlight and appropriate loading schedules should reflect related hazards.

ANKIT KUMAR SINGH

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