Heat detectors use a set of temperature-sensitive resistors called thermistors that decrease in resistance as the temperature rises.
One thermistor is sealed and protected from the surrounding temperature while the other is exposed. A sharp increase in temperature reduces the resistance in the exposed thermistor, which allows a large current to activate the detector’s alarm.
Heat detectors may be less sensitive, but are more appropriate than a smoke detector in these environments. The most common heat detectors either react to a broad temperature change or a predetermined fixed temperature.
Heat detectors are ideal for areas where flammable gasses and liquids are handled or any area where a fire will quickly cause a large change in the surrounding temperature. Heat detectors are also suitable for:
- Dirty, dusty or smoky environments.
- Indoor areas without winds or drafts that can prevent heat from reaching the detector.
- Manufacturing areas where large quantities of vapors, gases, or fumes may be present.
- Areas where particles of combustion are normally present, such as in kitchens, furnace rooms, utility rooms, and garages or where ovens, burners or vehicle exhaust gases are present.