Fire safety objectives are as follow –
- Prevent the occurrence of fire and explosion;
- Reduce the risk to life caused by fire;
- Reduce the risk of damage caused by fire to the ship, its cargo and the environment;
- Contain, control and suppress fire and explosion in the compartment of origin; and
- Provide adequate and readily accessible means of escape for passengers and crew.
You may also know functional requirements
In order to achieve the fire safety objectives set out , the following functional requirements are embodied in the regulations of this chapter as appropriate:
Division of the ship into main vertical and horizontal zones by thermal and structural boundaries;
Separation of accommodation spaces from the remainder of the ship by thermal and structural boundaries;
- Restricted use of combustible materials;
- Detection of any fire in the zone of origin;
- Containment and extinction of any fire in the space of origin;
- Protection of means of escape and access for fire fighting;
- Ready availability of fire-extinguishing appliances; and
- Minimization of possibility of ignition of flammable cargo vapour.
The purpose of this regulation is to prevent the ignition of combustible materials or flammable liquids. For this purpose, the following functional requirements shall be met:
- Means shall be provided to control leaks of flammable liquids;
- Means shall be provided to limit the accumulation of flammable vapours;
- The ignitability of combustible materials shall be restricted;
- Ignition sources shall be restricted;
- Ignition sources shall be separated from combustible materials and flammable liquids; and
- The atmosphere in cargo tanks shall be maintained out of the explosive range.