What are regulations for recovery of person from water as per SOLAS ?

The initiation or continuation of recovery operations should be at the discretion of the master of the recovering ships, in accordance with the provisions of SOLAS regulation III/17-1.

Life-saving and other equipment carried on board may be used to recover persons from the water, even though this may require using such equipment in unconventional ways.

Annex 1  (Risk Assessment Recovery of persons from Water) and  

Annex 2 (Description of the procedures and recovering plan used on board)  to  this  document  to  be  referred  for  the  information  and  procedures specifically used onboard this vessel.

While undergoing the recovery operations, ship’s crew have to refer the procedures stipulated in Annex 2 to this document.

Annex 2 anticipated  conditions  under  which  a  recovery operation may be conducted without causing undue hazard to the ship and the ship’s crew, taking into account, but not limited to:

  • Maneuverability of the ship;
  • Freeboard of the ship;
  • Points on the ship to which casualties may be recovered;
  • Characteristics and limitations of equipment intended to be used for recovery operations;
  • Available crew and personal protective equipment (PPE);
  • Wind force, direction and spray;
  • Significant wave height (Hs);
  • Period of waves;
  • Swell; and
  • Safety of navigation.

Guidelines for MAN OVERBOARD RESCUE TURN.

Anderson Turn, Williamson Turn and  Scharnow turn are normally used.

To the extent practicable, recovery procedures should provide for recovery of persons in a horizontal or near-horizontal (“deck-chair”) position.

Recovery in a vertical position should be avoided whenever possible as it risks cardiac arrest in hypothermic casualties (refer to the Guide for cold water survival (MSC.1/Circ.1185/Rev.1)).

Illumination is necessary for the recovery operation from water.   Source of illumination and power (where required) should be available for the area where the recovery operation is conducted.

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Responsibility of Master

The initiation or continuation of recovery operations should be at the discretion of the master of the recovering ships ,in accordance with the provisions of SOLAS regulation III/17-1.

The use of ship’s rescue craft must be for the master to decide, depending on the particular circumstances of the incident. Allowable circumstances Are referred to Annex1/ Annex2.

There will be times when recovery cannot be attempted or completed without unduly endangering the ship, her crew or those needing recovery. Only the assisting ship’s master can decide when this is the case.

Master has to establish programs and should carryout drills for emergency actions recovery. 

Duties of the crew

The various tasks involved are define and assigned to particular personnel onboard ,like who will be required for the recovery process; who will manage the ship in the meant time etc.

Please refer Annex 2 for detailed information on the duties to be assigned to crew and officers. Responsibilities Matrix

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