Beaching is the process in which a ship or boat is laid ashore, or grounded deliberately in shallow water. This is more usual with small flat-bottomed boats. It is defined as taking the ground intentionally as occurs for TWO reasons-
- To prevent the loss of the vessel when damaged below the waterline.
- When it is the intention to refloat after watertight integrity has been restored.
WHAT ARE PROCEDURE FOR BEACHING :
- Take on full ballast before beaching.
- Consider bow first if bow damaged and stern first if stern damaged at about 90 degree to the tide.
- Consider letting go the weather anchor first, this would prevent the vessel from slewing parallel to the beach.
- Should the vessel be damaged stern then stern first approach would be desirable. In this case it could be made in the form of a Mediterranean Moor, letting go both anchors which may be used to heave the vessel of when the time comes.
- Anti slew wires to be used in conjunction with the anchor.
- Make internal and external soundings after beaching.