What is Rights of passage and navigation?

The Convention preserves the right of innocent passage for foreign ships in the territorial sea of a coastal State. Additionally, ships and aircraft of all States are allowed “transit passage” through straits used for international navigation and States bordering such straits can regulate navigational and other aspects of transit passage. In the exclusive economic zone and on the high seas, all States including land-locked States have the freedom of navigation. Land-locked States also have the right of access to and from the sea and the right to enjoy freedom of transit through the territory of transit States.

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