What is meaning of cargo planning or cargo stowage on ships and its benefits? |

What is meaning of cargo planning or cargo stowage on ships and its benefits?

To make it possible to plan the cargo stowage, loading and unloading sequences, the cargo terminal should provide the ship with the following information well in advance:

  • Cargo characteristics; stowage factor, angle of repose, amounts and special properties.
  • Cargo availability and any special requirements for the sequencing of cargo operations.
  • Characteristics of the loading or unloading equipment including number of loaders and unloaders to be used, their ranges of movement, and the terminal’s nominal and maximum loading and unloading rates, where applicable.
  • Minimum depth of water alongside the berth and in the fairway channels.
  • Water density at the berth.
  • Air draught restrictions at the berth.
  • Maximum sailing draught and minimum draught for safe manoeuvring permitted by the port authority.
  • The amount of cargo remaining on the conveyor belt which will be loaded onboard the ship after a cargo stoppage signal has been given by the ship.
  • Terminal requirements/procedures for shifting ship.
  • Local port restrictions, for example, bunkering and deballasting requirements etc.

Cargo trimming is a mandatory requirement for some cargoes, especially where there is a risk of the cargo shifting or where liquefaction could take place.


The cargo terminal should not commence any cargo operations until the loading/unloading plan and all relevant procedures have been agreed and the ship’s Master has, where necessary, received a Certificate of Readiness issued by the respective maritime authorities.


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