A job hazard analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment.
Ideally, after we identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level.
A hazard is the potential for harm. In practical terms, a hazard often is associated with a condition or activity that, if left uncontrolled, can result in an injury or illness.
Why it is important:
Many workers are injured and killed at the workplace every day in the United States. Safety and health can add value to your business, your job, and your life.
We can help prevent workplace injuries and illnesses by looking at your workplace operations, establishing proper job procedures, and ensuring that all employees are trained properly.
One of the best ways to determine and establish proper work procedures is to conduct a job hazard analysis. A job hazard analysis is one component of the larger commitment of a safety and health management system.
Supervisors can use the findings of a job hazard analysis to eliminate and prevent hazards in their workplaces.
This is likely to result in fewer worker injuries and illnesses; safer, more effective work methods; reduced workers’ compensation costs; and increased worker productivity.
The analysis also can be a valuable tool for training new employees in the steps required to perform their jobs safely.
For a job hazard analysis to be effective, management must demonstrate its commitment to safety and health and follow through to correct any uncontrolled hazards identified.
Otherwise, management will lose credibility and employees may hesitate to go to management when dangerous conditions threaten them.
Job hazard analysis can be conducted on many jobs in your workplace.
Priority should go to the following types of jobs:
- Jobs with the highest injury or illness rates;
- Jobs with the potential to cause severe or disabling injuries or illness, even if there is no history of previous accidents;
- Jobs in which one simple human error could lead to a severe accident or injury;
- Jobs that are new to your operation or have undergone changes in processes and procedures; and
- Jobs complex enough to require written instructions.
Points must be kept in mind prior to hazard analysis :
When conducting your own job safety analysis, be sure to consult the Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards for industry. Compliance with these standards is mandatory, and by incorporating their requirements in your job hazard analysis, you can be sure that your health and safety program meets federal standards.