What is HSSC or Harmonized system of ship survey and certification? When & why it came into force?

Harmonised system of ship survey
Written by Amit Sharma

A harmonized system of survey and certification covering international shipping regulations adopted by the International Maritime Organization enters into force on 3 February 2000, in order to alleviate the problems caused by survey dates and intervals between surveys which do not coincide, covering international shipping regulations including the codes and conventions.

The system covers survey and certification requirements of

All these instruments require the issuing of certificates to show that requirements have been met and this has to be done by means of a survey which can involve the ship being out of service for several days. The harmonized system will alleviate the problems caused by survey dates and intervals between surveys which do not coincide, so that a ship should no longer have to go into port or repair yard for a survey required by one convention shortly after doing the same thing in connection with another instrument.

Purpose of HSSC:-

Surveys, made in accordance with the harmonised survey system for ships, to harmonize intervals between surveys of all legitimate certificates issued to all marine vessels.
The harmonized system is presumed to facilitate all the troubles of periods between  surveys so that any ship would not have to worry about going into the process of a survey schedule required by one convention right after having gone through the same thing concerned in connection with another instrument.

The harmonized system provides for:

  • A one-year standard interval between surveys, based on initial, annual, intermediate, periodical and renewal surveys as appropriate;
  • A scheme for providing the necessary flexibility for the execution of each survey with the provision that the renewal survey may be completed within three months before the expiry date of the existing certificate with no loss of its period of validity;
  • A maximum period of validity of five years for all certificates for cargo ships;
  • A maximum period of validity of 12 months for the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate;
  • A system for the extension of certificates limited to three months to enable a ship to complete its voyage (or one month for ships engaged on short voyages);
  • When an extension has been granted, the period of validity of the new certificate is to start from the expiry date of the existing certificate before its extension.
 Certificates required on board ship relating to HSSC:-
  • Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, including Record of Equipment
  • Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate
  • Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate, including Record of Equipment
  • Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate, including Record of Equipment
  • Cargo Ship Safety Certificate, including Record of Equipment
  • International Load Lines Certificate
  • International Load Lines Exemption Certificate
  • International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate
  • International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk
  • International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk
  • International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk
  • Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk

 

About the author

Amit Sharma

Graduated from M.E.R.I. Mumbai (Mumbai University), After a brief sailing founded this website with the idea to bring the maritime education online which must be free and available for all at all times and to find basic solutions that are of extreme importance to a seafarer by our innovative ideas.