What is General Cargo and its types ?

General cargo is a term which covers a great variety of goods.  These goods may be in bags, cases, crates or drums, or they may be kept together by bailing, or they may be individual pieces.

Types are as follow :
  1. Bagged cargoes which require other than the usual precautions in stowing :

ASBESTOS-  A mineral fibre which must be kept dry.

CATTLE FOOD (OIL CAKE)- Should be kept dry and away from strong smelling goods,

CEMENT- In paper bags, care should be taken in handling. Stow in a dry place not more than 15 bags high.

COCOA–  Stow away from heat, liable to damage from taint

COFFEE-Plenty of ventilation is required. Will damage if near strong smelling goods.

COPRA- Dried coconut flesh.  Liable to spontaneous combustion.

FISHMEAL-  Liable to spontaneous combustion and gives off an offensive odour

  1. Baled cargo :

CARPETS-  These are valuable cargo and should be kept dry.

CORK–   Light cargo which may be stowed anywhere.

COTTON,COTTON WASTE– Highly inflammable and spontaneous heating and combustion may occur if bales have been in contact with oil.

FIBRES-HEMP, JUTE,SISAL–  Readily combustible, keep dry and shipped tightly compressed in bales. Kept away from oil.

RUBBER-  Unstable platform in bales, usually given top stowage.

WOOL–  Should be well dunnaged and good ventilation. Liable to spontaneous heating and combustion.

BARRELS-Should be stowed fore and aft, never athwartships.

  1. Crated goods :

CARS- May be carried in skeleton crates and on level grounds.

LEAD PIPING-  Must not be crushed. Do not over stow with heavy cargo.

MACHINERY- Dunnages and fitting to protect round them.

TILES-Very fragile and must not be over stowed.

LEATHERS- Stow in dry place and keep clear of grease oil.

PAPER– Stowed on end to avoid the risk of distortion of roll and should be on perfectly flat ground.

TYRES-  Stow in cool place and top stowage. Keep away from grease.


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