What is fire ?

Fire is a chemical process, which involves burning of any substance (combustion).

The combustible material that burns with the help of oxygen result in the production of heat & light, is called FIRE.

fire

Oxygen + Heat + Fuel = Fire

In other words we can explain as :
Fire is a very rapid chemical reaction between oxygen and a combustible material, which results in the release of heat, light, flames, and smoke.

If You Discover a Fire Follow The 3 A’s

  • Activate
  • Assist
  • Attempt

Stages of fire:-

Ignition:  Fuel, oxygen and heat join together in a sustained chemical reaction. At this stage, a fire extinguisher can control the fire.

Growth:  With the initial flame as a heat source, additional fuel ignites. Convection and radiation ignite more surfaces. The size of the fire increases and the plume reaches the ceiling. Hot gases collecting at the ceiling transfer heat, allowing all fuels in a room to come closer to their ignition temperature at the same time.

Fully developed:  Fire has spread over much if not all the available fuel; temperatures reach their peak, resulting in heat damage. Oxygen is consumed rapidly.

Decay (Burnout):  The fire consumes available fuel, temperatures decrease, fire gets less intense.

 Note:

 Fire is a process involving rapid oxidation at elevated temperatures accompanied by the evolution of heated gaseous products of combustion, and the emission of visible and invisible radiation.

SUNIL KUMAR

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