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What is definition of Oil tankers and its types as per SOLAS ?

“Oil tanker” means a ship constructed or adapted primarily to carry oil in bulk in its cargo spaces and includes combination carriers and any “chemical tanker” as defined in Annex II of the present (MARPOL) Convention when it is carrying a cargo or part cargo of oil in bulk (Annex 1, Reg. 1 of MARPOL Protocol 1978)

Definition of oil tankers as per IMO :

Oil tanker means a ship constructed or adapted primarily to carry oil in bulk in its cargo spaces and includes combination carriers, any “NLS tanker” as defined in Annex II of the present Convention and any gas carrier as defined in regulation 3.20 of chapter II-1 of SOLAS 74 (as amended), when carrying a cargo or part cargo of oil in bulk. (MARPOL Annex I reg. 1.5)

Note :
  • Oil Tanker tanker for the carriage of crude-oil
  • Shuttle Tanker tanker ship for the carriage of crude-oil directly from the offshore oil fields to terminals or refineries.
  • Product Tanker tanker for the carriage of refined products derived from crude oil (gasoline, Diesel oil, jet fuel) from the refineries.

Types of oil tankers are :

Handysize –   20,000 t < DW < 30,000 t

HandyMax –   DW ~ 45,000 dwt

Aframax    80,000 t < DW < 119,000 t (Average Freight Rate Assessment )

Suezmax – The largest tanker that can cross the Suez Canal, fully loaded (120,000 t < DW < 180,000 t).

VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier)–   260,000 t < DW < 330,000

ULCC (Ultra Large Crude Carrier)-  DW > 330,000 t.

SUMAN SAURABH

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