What are Requirements or Standard of all LSA and FFA equipments as per SOLAS ?

ALL  LSA
  • Sustain Air temp -30C to +65C
  • Sustain immersion in SW throughout their use in temp -1C to +30C
LIFEBUOY
  • DIA –400mm TO 800mm
  • WEIGHT  not less than 2.5 kgs [For quick release buoys – sufficient weight to activate the system]
  • Support 14.5 Kgs iron in fresh water for 24Hrs
  • Sustain being engulfed in fire for 2 seconds
  • Sustain drop into water from at least 30m or from greater height if stowed higher
  • Grabline Dia at least 9.5mm
  • Grabline length at least 4 times the OD of the buoy.
S.I LIGHTS
  • Luminous Intensity not less than 2 cd
  • Fixed or Flashing
  • If flashing then 50 to 70 flashes per minute
  • Source of energy for at least 2 Hours
  • Sustain drop into water from at least 30m or from greater height if stowed higher
SELF ACTIVATING SMOKE SIGNALS
  • Smoke of highly visible colour for 15 Minutes
  • Not explosively ignite or emit flame ever
  • Should not get swamped in a seaway
  • Continue to emit smoke on submersion for 10seconds
  • Sustain drop into water from at least 30m or from greater height if stowed higher
BUOYANT LIFELINES
  • Non-kinking
  • Dia not less than 8mm
  • Breaking Strength not less than 5 kN
LIFE-JACKETS
  • Sustain being engulfed in fire for 2 seconds
  • Donnable within 1 minute
  • Comfortable
  • One way only of donning
  • Wearer able to jump from 4.5m into water without injury or damaging lifejacket
  • Lift mouth of unconscious person 120mm clear of water with body inclined backwards at not less than 20 deg from vertical
  • Turn the body of unconscious person in not more than 5s
  • Allow swimming for a short distance
  • Buoyancy should not reduce less than 5% after 24 hrs immersion
Life-Jacket Light
  • Luminous intensity not less than 0.75 cd
  • Power for at least 8 hours with 0.75 cd light
  • White light
  • If flashing light then should have a manually operated switch
  • Flashes 50 to 70 a minute of Lum Int 0.75 cd
IMMERSION SUITS
  • Donning in 2 minutes
  • Sustain being engulfed in fire for 2 seconds
  • Wearer able to jump from 4.5m into water without ingress of water
  • Be able to swim short distance
  • Climb up and down a vertical ladder at least 5m in length
INSULATED IMMERSION  SUIT
  • After 6 Hours in sea water of temp 0 to 2 C wearers body temp should not fall more than 2 C
IMMERSION SUIT worn with WARM CLOTHING
  • After 1 Hour in Sea water of 5 C body temp does not fall more than 2 C
ANTI EXPOSURE SUITS
  • Inherent buoyancy 70N
  • Unpacked and donned within 2 minutes
  • Sustain being engulfed in fire for 2 seconds
  • Lateral field of vision at least 120 deg
  • Climb up and down a vertical ladder at least 5m in length
  • Wearer able to jump from 4.5m into water without ingress of water
  • Swim 25m through water and board survival craft
  • In water of temp 5 C rate of drop in wearers body temp shall not be more than 1.5 C per Hour after first half hour.
TPA
  • Able to remove in water in not more than 2 min
  • Function properly in air temp -30C to +20C
ROCKET PARACHUTE FLARES
  • Altitude 300m
  • Bright red Parachute flare near top of trajectory
  • 30,000cd
  • For 40seconds
  • Rate of descent not more than 5m/s
HAND FLARE
  • 15,000cd
  • Not less than 1 minute
  • Continue to burn under 100mm water for 10seconds
BUOYANT SMOKE SIGNALS
  • Smoke of highly visible colour for 3 Minutes
  • Not explosively ignite or emit flame ever
  • Should not get swamped in a seaway
  • Continue to emit smoke on submersion under 100mm water for 10seconds
LIFERAFTS GENERAL
  • Withstand 30 days in water in all sea conditions
  • Withstand drop of 18m or above if stowed higher
  • Withstand repeated jumps into it from a height of 4.5m
  • Able to be towed at 3 kts when fully loaded, fitted and sea-anchor streamed
  • Means to mount SART 1m above the sea.
  • Minimum capacity 6 persons
  • Maximum Weight 185kgs
DAVIT LAUNCHED LIFERAFT
  • Withstand lateral impact velocity 3.5m/s
  • Vertical drop of 3m
  • Weak-link to break at 2.2+/- 0.4kN
  • HRU to release at not more than 4m depth
INFLATABLE LIFERAFTS
  • Weight of each person averaged to 75kgs
  • Inflate in 1 minute at an ambient temperature between 18C to 20C and within 3 min at an ambient temp of -30C
MARKING ON THE CONTAINER
  • maker’s name or trade mark;
  • serial number;
  • name of approving authority and the number of persons it is permitted to carry;
  • SOLAS;
  • type of emergency pack enclosed;
  • date when last serviced;
  • length of painter;
  • maximum permitted height of stowage above waterline (depending on drop-test height and length of painter); and
  • launching instructions
MARKING ON THE LIFERAFT
  • maker’s name or trade mark;
  • serial number;
  • date of manufacture (month and year);
  • name of approving authority;
  • name and place of servicing station where it was last serviced; and
  • number of persons it is permitted to accommodate over each entrance in characters not less than 100 mm in height of a colour contrasting with that of the liferaft.
  • Provision shall be made for marking each liferaft with the name and port of registry of the ship to which it is to be fitted, in such a form that the ship identification can be changed at any time without opening the container.
LAUNCHING APPLIANCES
  • Operable at trim of 10deg and List of 20deg either way [ALL SHIPS]
  • Operable at angles greater than 20deg from lower side [ALL TANKERS]
LTA
  • Range at least 230m in calm weather
  • Breaking strength of rope at least 2 kN
SCBA
  • 1200ltrs of air or 30min service duration of air
EEBD
  • 10 minutes service duration
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
  • Powder or CO2 – 5kgs
  • Foam – 9 Ltrs capacity
  • Total Weight Maximum 23 kgs each.
  • Portable foam applicator liquid 20Ltrs + 20 Ltrs spare
  • Nozzle capacity 1.5 cu.m / min
FIXED FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM
  • Pre Discharge ALARM to sound for at least 20sec or for the time required to evacuate space before medium is released.
CO2 SYSTEM
  • 30% of largest cargo space
  • 35% of largest machinery space
  • 85% of gas to be discharged into the machinery space within the 2 minutes
EMERGENCY FIRE PUMPS
  • Capacity 40% of total capacity of required Fire Pumps
  • But not less than
  • 25 cu.m per hour for Passenger Ships
  • 15 cu.m per hour for Cargo Ships
  • Consecutive starts for diesel engine driven Emg Fire Pumps
  • 6 in 30 minutes
  • 2 in first 10 minutes
  • Fuel in service tank for 3 hrs full load and outside machinery space of category A for 15 hrs full load operation of the Emg Fire Pump.

AMIT KUMAR

 

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From Marine Enclyopedia to MARINE GYAAN ACADEMY in Lucknow - Preparing YOUTH to become SEAFARERS ( for IMU-CET and various courses) From Marine Enclyopedia to MARINE GYAAN ACADEMY in Lucknow - Preparing YOUTH to become SEAFARERS ( for IMU-CET and various courses) From Marine Enclyopedia to MARINE GYAAN ACADEMY in Lucknow - Preparing YOUTH to become SEAFARERS ( for IMU-CET and various courses) From Marine Enclyopedia to MARINE GYAAN ACADEMY in Lucknow - Preparing YOUTH to become SEAFARERS ( for IMU-CET and various courses)