The objective of PSC is to detect and discourage owners from operating substandard ships that endanger not only the ships crew and the port, but also the environment PSC (Port State Control) inspection helps to minimize the threat to life, properly and the environment by disallowing substandard shipping.
The fundamental aim of the PSC is to supplement the inspections by the flag state and eliminate sub–standard ships in order to ensure safer ships and cleaner oceans it includes boarding, inspection, remedial action and possible detention under the applicable conventions.
Port state control can be applied not only to those countries, who are party to the convention but also to the ships that fly the flag of a state that has not rectified a convention.
Thus no ships are exempted from inspection because the principle of no more favorable treatment applies. Any state may also in act its own domestic laws and impose additional nation al rules and regulations on foreign ships entering its water.
Key elements of PSC inspection are:-
- Ensuring compliance with international rules regarding safety, marine pollution and threat to working environment.
- Detaining substandard vessel till all deficiencies are rectified.
- Implementing a initially agreed figure of annually inspecting the minimum number.
- Applying a targeting system. Selection is such that well run vessels are not harassed where as blacklisted vessels will not be allowed to operate.
- Harmonizing and strengthening to the greater extent PSC’s authority to carry out better surveillance.
- Providing technical assistance and training, where the need is identified.