The hazards involved in transporting metal scrap include:
- Shifting of the stow which in turn can cause a list;
- Shifting of individual heavy pieces which can rupture the side plating below the waterline and give rise to serious flooding;
- Excessive loading on tank tops or ‘tween decks; and
- Violent rolling caused by excessive metacentric height.
You may also know:
- When loading, care should be taken to ensure that the first loads are not dropped from a height which could damage the tank tops.
- If light and heavy scrap is to be stowed in the same cargo space, the heavy scrap should be loaded first. Scrap should never be stowed on top of metal turnings, or similar forms of waste metal.
- Scrap should be compactly and evenly stowed with no voids or unsupported faces of loosely held scrap.
- Heavy pieces of scrap, which could cause damage to the side plating or end bulkheads if they were to move, should be over stowed or secured by suitable lashings. The use of shoring is unlikely to be effective because of the nature of the scrap.
- Care should be taken to avoid excessive loading on tank tops and decks.