What are contents of BMP 4 or Best Management Practices for Protection against Somalia Based Piracy?

Three Fundamental Requirements of BMP v
  • Section 1 Introduction
  • Section 2 Somali Pirate Activity – The High Risk Area
  • Section 3 Risk Assessment
  • Section 4 Typical Pirate Attacks
  • Section 5 BMP Reporting Procedures
  • Section 6 Company Planning
  • Section 7 Ship Master’s Planning
  • Section 8 Ship Protection Measures
  • Section 9 Pirate Attack
  • Section 10 If the Pirates take Control
  • Section 11 In the Event of Military Action
  • Section 12 Post Incident Reporting
  • Section 13 Updating Best Management Practices
  • ANNEX A Useful Contact Details
  • ANNEX B UKMTO Vessel Position Reporting Forms iv
  • ANNEX C Piracy Definitions
  • ANNEX D Follow-up Report
  • ANNEX E MSCHOA Vessel Movement Registration Form
  • ANNEX F Additional Guidance for Vessels Engaged In Fishing
  • ANNEX G Additional Advice for Leisure Craft Including Yachts
  • ANNEX H Supporting Organisations
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The Three Fundamental Requirements of BMP
  1. Register at MSCHOA –

Ensure that a “Vessel Movement Registration Form” has been

submitted to MSCHOA prior to entering the High Risk Area (an area bounded by Suez and the Strait of Hormuz to the North, 10°S and 78°E). This may be done directly – online by the Ship’s Operator, by Fax, or by Email. (See Annex E for details of the MSCHOA Vessel Movement Registration Form).

All vessel movements should be registered with MSCHOA even if the vessel is transiting as part of a National Convoy, there is a security team onboard or if not transiting the Gulf of Aden.

  1. Report to UKMTO

On entering the UKMTO Voluntary Reporting Area – an area bounded by Suez to the North, 10°S and 78°E – ensure that a UKMTO “Vessel Position Reporting Form – Initial Report” is sent (see Annex B)

Vessels are strongly encouraged to report daily to the UKMTO by email at 08:00 hours GMT whilst operating within the High Risk Area. The UKMTO “Vessel Position Reporting Form – Daily Position Report” (as set out in Annex B) should be used.

UKMTO acts as the primary point of contact for merchant vessels and liaison with military forces in the region and it is the primary point of contact during an attack. For this reason they should be aware that the vessel is transiting the High Risk Area.

  1. Implement SPMs

The Ship Protection Measures described in BMP are the most basic that are likely to be effective. Owners may wish to consider making alterations to the vessel beyond the scope of this booklet, and/or provide additional equipment, and/or manpower as a means of further reducing the risk of piracy attack. If pirates are unable to board a ship they cannot hijack it.



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